Wednesday, March 15, 2017

NLE 2016 Key Latin III

Report to Multi-Purpose Room/Senior Lounge for exam 1st period Thursday, 16 March

Latin III 

Roman Women
1. B 
2. A 
3. C 
4. C 
5. B 
6. D 
7. C 
8. A 
9. D 
10. B 
11. C 
12. D 
13. D 
14. D 
15. C 
16. B 
17. A 
18. D 
19. A 
20. A 
21. B 
22. A 
23. B 
24. D 
25. C 
26. A 
27. B 
28. C 
29. B 
30. B 
31. B 
32. A 
33. D 
34. D 
35. A 
36. D 
37. B 
38. D 
39. B 
40. C 

Translation:

Once upon a time at Rome a small matter, which happened among the dangers of great wars, was the cause of a great struggle. Two tribunes wanted to repeal the Oppian Law. This law ordered that not any woman have more gold than a half ounce and that she not use (wear) multicolored clothing, and that she not travel by carriage in the city unless for the sake of public sacrifices. The Capitoline Hill was being filled with a crowd of men favoring and of men opposing the law. Women were able to be kept in their homes neither by any authority nor by modesty, nor by command of their husbands. They were blocking all roads of the city and approaches into the Forum. The mob of women was being increased daily; for they were also coming together from small Copyright © 2016 by the National Latin Exam Continued on the back towns. The consul M. Porcius Cato said these words: “Men, if each of you had retained the power of the husband over his wife, we would have less trouble with these women. With this law repealed, what will they not try?” Valerius, one of the tribunes, spoke in opposition: “The Republic is now in a better situation. Elegance and adornment and culture are the insignia of women; let them rejoice and glory in these things.” The law was repealed!

NLE 2016 Key - III/IV PROSE

Report to Multi-Purpose Room/Senior Lounge for exam 1st period Thursday, 16 March

Latin III-IV Prose 


Cicero delivering a Phillipic
1. A 
2. C 
3. D 
4. B 
5. B 
6. D 
7. C 
8. C 
9. B 
10. D 
11. C 
12. C 
13. B 
14. B 
15. D 
16. A 
17. D 
18. B 
19. B 
20. D 
21. A 
22. C 
23. A 
24. A 
25. D 
26. B 
27. A 
28. D 
29. A 
30. D 
31. B 
32. C 
33. A 
34. B 
35. C 
36. C 
37. B 
38. B 
39. A 
40. C 


Translation:

You all feel one thing, you are eager for one thing, to turn aside the efforts of Marcus Antonius from the Republic, to put out his madness, to crush his boldness… The time has come, Romans, altogether later than was worthy for the Roman people, but nevertheless so overdue that it is not able to be put aside by an hour. There was some unavoidable misfortune, as I will thus speak, which we have tolerated in whatever way it had to be tolerated; now if there will be any (misfortune), it will be of our own choice. It is not divine right that the Roman people be slaves, whom the immortal gods have wished to rule over all races… Either it is right that you conquer, Romans, that which assuredly you will attain because of both your loyalty and such great unity, or (that you do) whatever you want rather than be slaves. Other nations are able to endure servitude, liberty is the property of the Roman people.

Tuesday, February 7, 2017

Friday, January 27, 2017

HW - usus subjunctivi

HON. LATIN III/IV NOMEN:________________

MAGISTER MILLIKEN
Usus Subiunctivi        DATUM:________________


Select the letter of the usage in the pool below that correctly describes the italicized verb in each sentence.  Each choice is used once. Translate any three of the dependent sentences, and any three of the independent sentences.


A = adverbial purpose   B = relative purpose   C = adverbial result   

D = substantive result   E = indirect command   F = ind. question    

G = clause after fearing   H = future less vivid  

I = si-past contrary to fact   K = si-present contrary to fact   
L = cum circumstantial/causal   M = cum concessive   N = hortatory   
O = iussive   P = optative    
Q = deliberative   R = potential

SUBORDINATE


_____1. cum Augustus princeps esset, multa aedificia fecit.   


_____2. Coenelius adeo iratus est ut miserum servum verberaret.


_____3. octo viros inveniam qui lecticam tuam portent.


_____4. si porci alas haberent, volare possent.


_____5. barbaros imperamus ne in gramine ambulent.


_____6. si celerior advenisses, hostes vicissemus.


_____7. Romani ad mare venerunt ut prope aquam quiescerent.


_____8. si Daedalus effugiat, Minos iratus sit.


____9. Cicero fecit ut Catalina ex urbe fugeret.


____10. senatores timebant ne Catalina urbem vastaret.


____11. cum hostes fortissimi essent, Romani superarent.

INDEPENDENT


____12. malum frumentum porcis demus?


____13. hesterna nocte portam non clauserim.


____14. omnes scelerati in exilium discedant!


____15. Verba piratarum ne audiamus.


____16. omnes cives utinam boni essent!





Friday, January 20, 2017

HW due 23 Jan 2017: Independent Subjunctives

Advanced Latin Studies NOMEN:______________________________

MAGISTER MILLIKEN
QUIZ: Independent Subjunctives DATUM:______________________________


Translate each sentence below and indicate whether it contains a hortatory, iussive, deliberative, optative or potential subjunctive; if there is more than one possible answer, translate the sentence both ways.


  1. Catilina in Senatum veniret?






  1. Ignem in casa tua non exstinguerem.







  1. Utinam orcos in silvis celavisses!







  1. Catilinam et amicos suos ex urbe expellamus.







  1. Omnes Romani boni Rem Publicam defendant.









6.  Cicero hodie viveret.








7.  Dicas Caesarem tyrannum fuisse.










8. Castra prope illud flumen ponamus.










9. Castra prope illud flumen ponamus?








10. Catilina ad sua castra proficiscatur.




Independent Subjunctives

Independent Uses of the Subjunctive Mood

A. Jussive and Hortatory Subjunctive (use ne for the negative):
The Jussive (iubeo, -ere, iussi, iussus) and Hortatory (hortor, -ari, -atus sum) are
used to express a command or an exhortation:

Veniat! Let him come! (Jussive)
Veniamus! Let’s come! (Hortatory)

The Jussive occurs in the third person, the Hortatory in the first.
The negative is introduced by ne: Ne hoc faciat! Let him not do this!

B. Potential Subjunctive (use non for negative):
The subjunctive may be used to express an action which might possibly occur:

Haec credas. You might believe these things.
Dicas eum hominem bonum esse. You might say he is a good man.

Past potentiality is expressed by the imperfect subjunctive:

Crederes eum hominem bonum esse. You might have believed he was a good man.

C. Deliberative Subjunctive (use non for negative):
The present and imperfect subjunctives are used to deliberate about something, often in a rhetorical question:

Quid faciam? What am I to do?  What should I do?
Quid facerem? What was I to do? What should I have done?

The negative is introduced by non.

Tigrem non vexarem? Should I not have annoyed the tiger?

D. Optative Subjunctive
The Optative (opto -are) is used for:

-1. a future wish capable of fulfillment, often (but not always) introduced by utinam or ut (negative utinam
ne or ne) using the present subjunctive:

Utinam Caesar adveniat! Would that Caesar may arrive! (i.e., I wish Caesar would arrive)
Utinam Caesar ne adveniat! Would that Caesar may not arrive!

-2. Contrary to fact wishes use the imperfect subjunctive for present time and pluperfect subjunctive for past time:

Utinam Caesar adveniret! Would that Caesar were arriving (but he is not).

Utinam venisset! Would that Caesar had arrived (but he did not).