Wednesday, October 26, 2016

HW due 27 October 2016

LATIN III/IV NOMEN:_________________
Subordinate Subjunctives a DATUM:_________________

Use the key below to identify the use of the subjunctive in each sentence, then translate.

A = adverbial purpose   B = relative purpose   C = clause after fearing   D = indirect command   
E = hortatory AB= Iussive

_____1. Agricolae metuerunt ne porci omne frumentum edissent.

_____2. Dux equites misit qui urbem captarent.

_____3.  Pueris persuadebimus ne canem vexarent.

_____4.  Omnia bona in villam portemus.

_____5.  Sub arbore sedemus ut quiescamus.

_____6. Marcus navem emit quā ad Graeciam naviget.

_____7.  Omnes viri boni urbem contra piratas defendant.

_____8. Porcos celabant ne piratae eos raperent.

_____8. Candidatus a civibus petit ut sua suffragia ad se ferant.

_____10. Nautae timebant ut insulam invenirent.

Tuesday, October 18, 2016

HW due 20 October 2016

English to Latin translation (Subordinate Subjunctives a).

-1. The citizens flee into the forest in order to escape the pirates.

-2. The consul feared that the legion was being defeated.

-3. Marcus bought slaves who were to work in his fields.

-4. Ask (rogo) the sailors to carry this letter to Caesar.

-5. We are afraid that the children will not escape.

-6. Let us go to Greece so that we won’t be captured (lest we be captured) by the soldiers.

-7. We will demand from the pirates that they not burn our fields.

-8.  We are reading many books by which (quo) we are learning about the Romans.

Thursday, October 13, 2016

HW due 14 October 2016 - subordinate subjunctives a

HONORS LATIN III/IV NOMEN:____________________


Name of Clause        In Main Clause Intro word Translation et al.

Adverbial Purpose
Verb, often often of going
“so that . . .” “in order to …”
(after ne) “so that not . . .” “lest . . .”
Tells purpose of verb in main clause
Relative Purpose
Noun or pronoun whose purpose is explained in subordinate clause
qui, quae, quod
“in order to” literally “who is/are to . .”  tells purpose of noun or pronoun in main clause (with quo tells purpose of entire clause)
uses ne in negative
Indirect Command
Verb of asking, advising or commanding*
Summarizes or paraphrases, rather than directly quoting, an order or request for action
Clause after Fearing
Any form of “fear” timeo, metuo, vereor
Describes what is to feared – ne is used for what is feared, ut for what feared is not happening

*verbs that commonly introduce indirect commands fall into three categories:
-1. With dative object: impero, mando, persuadeo
e.g.: Imperator militibus imperat ut trans flumen natent – The commander is ordering the soldiers to swim across the river.
-2. With accusative direct object: hortor, moneo, oro, rogo
e.g.: Vos rogo ne arbores ascendatis – I’m asking you not to climb the trees
-3. With a/ab plus the ablative: peto, postulo, quaero
e.g.: a Caesare petunt ut trans Provinciam iter faciant – they are seeking from Caesar that they might travel across the province.

-A. Synopses.  Provide a synopsis of the verbs below in the present, imperfect, perfect, and pluperfect tenses, subjunctive mood.

amo, amare, amavi, amatum (2nd, pl, masc)

active passive
pres. ______________________ ______________________

imp. ______________________ ______________________

perf. ______________________ ______________________

plup. ______________________ ______________________

mitto, mittere, misi, missum (3rd, sg, neut)

active passive
pres. ______________________ _____________________

imp. ______________________ ______________________

perf. ______________________ ______________________

plup. ______________________ ______________________

sentio, sentire, sensi, sensum (3rd,pl,fem)

active passive

pres. ______________________ ______________________

imp. ______________________ ______________________

perf. ______________________ ______________________

plup. ______________________ ______________________

sum, esse, fui (1st, pl)


pres. ______________________

imp. ______________________

perf. ______________________

plup. ______________________

-B. Latin to English Translation.  

-1. Caesar Gallis persuasit ne oppida incenderent.

-2. Cives timebant ne piratae porcos suos raperent.

-3. Consul milites misit qui piratas superarent.

-4. Caesar ad Galliam ibit ut multam praedam comparet.

-5.  Pauperes se in servitutem dant quo iniurias potentiorum evadant.

-6. Galli metuunt ut sui principes Romanos vincant.

-7. Caesar legiones hortabatur ut quam fortissimo pugnarent.

-8. Servi diligenter laborant ut libertatem redimant.

N.B. For purpose clauses and indirect command, the verb in the main clause is present, future, or future perfect use present subjunctive in the subordinate clause; if the verb in the main clause is imperfect, perfect or pluperfect, use imperfect subjunctive in the subordinate clause.