Monday, October 3, 2016

HW due 4 October 2016 - Independent Subjunctives

HONORS LATIN III NOMEN:________________________

MAGISTER MILLIKEN
SUBJUNCTIVES IN DATUM:________________________
INDEPENDENT CLAUSES (A)


  1. Hortatory Subjunctive: “Let us . . . “ or “Let’s . . .” Used to express a 1st person  command or exhortation INDIRECTLY (and so more gently than the imperative).

Form: always 1st person plural, present subjunctive; uses ne for the negative

Exempla: porcos vendamus = “Let’s sell the pigs”
Piratas ne  timeamus = “let us not fear the pirates”

  1. Iussive Subjunctive: “Let . . . “ or “Should . . .” Used to express a 2nd or 3rd person  command or exhortation INDIRECTLY (and so more gently than the imperative).

Form: always 2nd or 3rd person, singular or plural, present subjunctive; uses ne for the negative

Exempla: porcos vendant = “Let them sell the pigs”
Piratas ne timeatis = “you should not fear the pirates”




-A. Synopsis.  Provide a synopsis of the verbs below in the present and imperfect tenses, subjunctive mood.



laudo, laudare, laudavi, laudatum (2nd, pl)

active passive
subj.
pres. ______________________ ______________________

imp. ______________________ ______________________




rideo, ridere, risi, risum (3rd, sg)

active passive
subj.
pres. ______________________ ______________________

imp. ______________________ ______________________








cedo, cedere, cessi, cessum (2nd, sg)

active passive
subj.
pres. ______________________ ______________________

imp. ______________________ ______________________




iacio, iacerem ieci, iactum (2nd, pl)

active passive
subj.
pres. ______________________ ______________________

imp. ______________________ ______________________





audio, audire, audivi, auditum (1st,pl)

active passive

subj.
pres. ______________________ ______________________

imp. ______________________ ______________________




sum, esse, fui (1st, sg)

active

subj.
pres. ______________________

imp. ______________________












-B. Latin to English Translation.  

-1. Aquam de colle portemus.



-2. Pompeius regi Aegypti ne credat.



-3. Tres exercitus Octavianum sequantur.



-4. Consilio invento, Catilinam occidamus.



-5.  Percussores Caesaris ne audiamus.




-C.Translate both sentences..

-1. illos libros legimus.


    illos libros legamus.



-2. Piratas fugietis.



    Piratias fugiatis.


-3. Piratas porcos ne rapiant.



   Piratas porcos non rapuerunt..




-4. Caesar ad Senatum hodie ne veniat!



    Caesar ad Senatum hodie non veniet!




-5. Caput Pompeii ad Caesarem ne mittas.



    Caput Pompeii ad Caesarem non mittis..

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