Friday, January 27, 2017

HW - usus subjunctivi

HON. LATIN III/IV NOMEN:________________

Usus Subiunctivi        DATUM:________________

Select the letter of the usage in the pool below that correctly describes the italicized verb in each sentence.  Each choice is used once. Translate any three of the dependent sentences, and any three of the independent sentences.

A = adverbial purpose   B = relative purpose   C = adverbial result   

D = substantive result   E = indirect command   F = ind. question    

G = clause after fearing   H = future less vivid  

I = si-past contrary to fact   K = si-present contrary to fact   
L = cum circumstantial/causal   M = cum concessive   N = hortatory   
O = iussive   P = optative    
Q = deliberative   R = potential


_____1. cum Augustus princeps esset, multa aedificia fecit.   

_____2. Coenelius adeo iratus est ut miserum servum verberaret.

_____3. octo viros inveniam qui lecticam tuam portent.

_____4. si porci alas haberent, volare possent.

_____5. barbaros imperamus ne in gramine ambulent.

_____6. si celerior advenisses, hostes vicissemus.

_____7. Romani ad mare venerunt ut prope aquam quiescerent.

_____8. si Daedalus effugiat, Minos iratus sit.

____9. Cicero fecit ut Catalina ex urbe fugeret.

____10. senatores timebant ne Catalina urbem vastaret.

____11. cum hostes fortissimi essent, Romani superarent.


____12. malum frumentum porcis demus?

____13. hesterna nocte portam non clauserim.

____14. omnes scelerati in exilium discedant!

____15. Verba piratarum ne audiamus.

____16. omnes cives utinam boni essent!

Friday, January 20, 2017

HW due 23 Jan 2017: Independent Subjunctives

Advanced Latin Studies NOMEN:______________________________

QUIZ: Independent Subjunctives DATUM:______________________________

Translate each sentence below and indicate whether it contains a hortatory, iussive, deliberative, optative or potential subjunctive; if there is more than one possible answer, translate the sentence both ways.

  1. Catilina in Senatum veniret?

  1. Ignem in casa tua non exstinguerem.

  1. Utinam orcos in silvis celavisses!

  1. Catilinam et amicos suos ex urbe expellamus.

  1. Omnes Romani boni Rem Publicam defendant.

6.  Cicero hodie viveret.

7.  Dicas Caesarem tyrannum fuisse.

8. Castra prope illud flumen ponamus.

9. Castra prope illud flumen ponamus?

10. Catilina ad sua castra proficiscatur.

Independent Subjunctives

Independent Uses of the Subjunctive Mood

A. Jussive and Hortatory Subjunctive (use ne for the negative):
The Jussive (iubeo, -ere, iussi, iussus) and Hortatory (hortor, -ari, -atus sum) are
used to express a command or an exhortation:

Veniat! Let him come! (Jussive)
Veniamus! Let’s come! (Hortatory)

The Jussive occurs in the third person, the Hortatory in the first.
The negative is introduced by ne: Ne hoc faciat! Let him not do this!

B. Potential Subjunctive (use non for negative):
The subjunctive may be used to express an action which might possibly occur:

Haec credas. You might believe these things.
Dicas eum hominem bonum esse. You might say he is a good man.

Past potentiality is expressed by the imperfect subjunctive:

Crederes eum hominem bonum esse. You might have believed he was a good man.

C. Deliberative Subjunctive (use non for negative):
The present and imperfect subjunctives are used to deliberate about something, often in a rhetorical question:

Quid faciam? What am I to do?  What should I do?
Quid facerem? What was I to do? What should I have done?

The negative is introduced by non.

Tigrem non vexarem? Should I not have annoyed the tiger?

D. Optative Subjunctive
The Optative (opto -are) is used for:

-1. a future wish capable of fulfillment, often (but not always) introduced by utinam or ut (negative utinam
ne or ne) using the present subjunctive:

Utinam Caesar adveniat! Would that Caesar may arrive! (i.e., I wish Caesar would arrive)
Utinam Caesar ne adveniat! Would that Caesar may not arrive!

-2. Contrary to fact wishes use the imperfect subjunctive for present time and pluperfect subjunctive for past time:

Utinam Caesar adveniret! Would that Caesar were arriving (but he is not).

Utinam venisset! Would that Caesar had arrived (but he did not).

Project Due 6 March

Advanced Latin: Prose NAME:_____________________________
Magister Milliken
Project: Roman Oratory
Due: 6 March 2017

Compose a Roman style oration, either prosecuting or defending in one of the cases below.  Follow the format on the attached sheet (labeling the sections of your speech), and try to employ Ciceronian techniques such as: tricolon crescens, praeteritio, rhetorical questions, impersonation (as when “the republic” addresses Catalina, or “Appius Claudius” addresses Clodia), indignant interjection (“O tempora! O mores!”), figurative language (as when Cicero compares Catalina’s conspiracy to a disease attacking the state).  Oration should be typed and double spaced, no longer than ten pages, but long enough to cover the topic adequately and follow the guidelines above.

(NB – You will have to do some research; list sources in a “Works Cited” page according to MLA format.)

Due Date:  6 March 2017

Possible topics – prosecuting or defending

1) Tiberius or Gaius Gracchus for fomenting revolution

2) Caesar for starting an illegal war in Gaul

3) Caesar for initiating civil war when he crossed the Rubicon

4) Caesar for wanting to make himself a king

5) Mark Antony for treason in making an alliance with Cleopatra

6) Cicero for executing the followers of Catalina without trial

7) Brutus and Cassius for the murder of Caesar

8) Emperor Caligula for mental incompetence

9) Emperor Claudius for overall incompetence

10) Emperor Nero for burning Rome

11) The Christian community for burning Rome

12) Jesus of Nazareth for claiming the title “King of the Jews”

13) Paul of Tarsus (St. Paul) for creating civil discord

14) Pontius Pilatus for incompetence in handling the case of Jesus of Nazareth

15) Another topic from Roman history with approval from me

Marcus Tullius Cicero