Forming the Subjunctive Mood

Forming the Subjunctive Mood (Regular Verbs):


Present:
  1. Drop “-o” from 1st principal part
  2. Add “a” (except 1st conjugation, add “e”)
  3. Add usual endings:
Active Passive
-m -mus -r -mur
-s -tis -ris -mini
-t -nt -tur -ntur


e.g.,  amet (amo amare), videatur (video, videre), mittam (mitto, mittere), audiamur (audio, audire)


Imperfect:
Add same endings to 2nd principal part:
e.g.,  amaret (amo amare), videretur (video, videre), mitterem (mitto, mittere), audiremur (audio, audire)


Perfect Active:
  1. Drop “-i” from 3rd prin. Part
  2. Add endings:


-erim -erimus
-eris -eritis
-erit -erint


e.g.,  amaverit (amo amare amavi), miserim (mitto, mittere, misi)


Pluperfect Active:
  1. Add “-sse-“ to 3rd prin. part
  2. Add endings:


-m -mus
-s -tis
-t -nt


e.g.,  amavisset (amo amare amavi), mismissem (mitto, mittere, misi)


Perfect Passive:
Use the present tense subjunctive forms of sum with the 4th prin. part


sim simus
sis sitis
sit sint


e.g.,  amatus, -a, -um est (amo amare amavi, amatus), missus, -a, -um sum (mitto, mittere, misi, missus)


Pluperfect Passive:
Use the imperfect tense subjunctive forms of sum with the 4th prin. part


essem essemus
esses essetis
esset essent

e.g.,  amatus, -a, -um esset (amo amare amavi, amatus), missus, -a, -um essem (mitto, mittere, misi, missus)

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